Pregnancy is the period during which a human female carries an offspring inside her womb where it develops and grows till its birth. This period is also termed as ‘gestation’ and lasts for nearly 9 months or 270 days. Pregnancy is a result of sexual intercourse , unprotected mostly ( Sometimes contraceptives or barrier methods used for avoiding pregnancy may also fail, leading to pregnancy)or artificial reproductive technique in which either sperms are transferred to the female reproductive tract or the egg of female and sperms of the male are made to fertilize in laboratory followed by transfer of the zygote to the female uterus.
Pregnancy’s primary symptoms include missing your periods. Women have their periods every 4th week, if they miss them, they are likely to be pregnant but this could also be due to poor health and malnutrition. The secondary symptoms a pregnant woman is expected to notice perhaps are swollen breasts, nausea, fatigue, mood swings, etc. But for confirmation of pregnancy, it is advisable to use pregnancy test kits or consult a doctor for the same. Pregnancy is the celebration of the joy of having a child but at the same time, it demands a lot of care and cautiousness for the sake of both the mother and the child. However, there are a number of things you should know from the start — a list of do’s and don’ts during Pregnancy to ensure a healthy pregnancy for you and your baby.
What to do during Pregnancy
Take a lot of folic acids and Vitamin D
Folic acids are mostly found in citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, nuts, dry fruits. Folic acid must be taken right from before conception and hence it is recommended that they are suggested a diet by a certified doctor from right before conception. Some supplements also provide folic acids, but it is best recommended that it is naturally taken as a part of their daily diet.
Vitamin D helps your baby develop healthy bones, teeth, and muscles. It helps to regulate the levels of calcium and phosphate in your body.
Do visit the Dentist
Skip cosmetic procedures, such as whitening, but get regular check-ups. Fluctuating hormone levels can cause expecting moms to develop pregnancy gingivitis (swollen, bleeding gums). Left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontal disease, which raises your risk for low birth weight and premature delivery.
Hustle hard and exercise a lot
Exercise is highly recommended by doctors to a carrying woman because if the mother is physically fit, it will help her to reduce the discomforts during delivery. But one must always consult a doctor before starting any physical activity and the doctor might suggest them activities according to the condition of the expecting mother. In cases of vaginal bleeding, leaking amniotic fluid or any problem related to the cervix, once you get the pregnancy symptoms, one must immediately stop exercising and consult the doctor as soon as possible.
30 minutes of low-impact exercises, such as walking or stationary cycling, at least five days a week. Along with keeping your weight in check, it can ease constipation, insomnia, lower back pain, and other pregnancy discomforts while building stamina for labor and delivery. Doctors suggest that working out also strengthens your baby’s heart.
Sleep-quota must be in check!
It is understandable that the baby has a different sleeping pattern than yours is. But it is also necessary for the mother to take required rest as less sleep may make you anxious and cause hormonal changes and in the body and as it is pregnancy demands a lot from the body. Hence take your required rest ladies!!
Take your vaccines as recommended by your doctor-
Influenza is one of the most common diseases but still is very dangerous for a pregnant woman. Although the mother’s body will provide the required antibodies for the baby, it is still necessary that the mother is given doses for Flu which will provide protection for both the baby and the mother.
Eat healthy, not for two!-
It is a common practice to feed the mother with the quantity required for two. But clinically, it can cause more harm to the baby than good. The mother must take only the required extra calories that are required for the baby. Healthy diets must be taken by including various types of fruits and vegetables, avoiding the ones as recommended by the doctor.
What not to do during Pregnancy
Avoid alcohol or tobacco
Alcohol and tobacco consumption in any form and any amount can be lethal to the child. Alcohol can cause Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in the baby. Whatever the mother consumes is transferred to the baby through the placenta. And since the baby is not fully developed, it doesn’t have the full potential to fight against any stimulus that can cause an ill-effect on itself.
Consuming tobacco can put the child in the risk of sudden death. Not only does it suffocates the child, but also may cause the child mental illness.
Traveling is a very stressful process where one has to sit continuously for hours together. It may not be seen as a tedious task as one has to do nothing but sit. But still, it is a very strenuous task. This might take up all the energy one has. And it can cause some serious troubles with the baby.
Don’t drink too much caffeine
Caffeine has some direct effects on the child’s health. It can cause result in low birth weight. In some cases, miscarriages have also taken place.
Don’t eat for two
There’s no need for extra calories in the first or second trimesters. In the third trimester, you should have an extra 200 calories if you are active.
Don’t Diet in Pregnancy
When you are pregnant no need to Diet, Cutting out food groups may deprive your baby against nutrients they need for growth. Instead of dieting, it is best to have a healthy balanced diet.
Don’t Take Hot Baths
High temperatures can be harmful to the fetus or lead you to faint. Soaking in hot water can raise body temperature and this causes problems with the baby including increasing the risk of birth defects.
Pregnancy is a beautiful phase of transformation for a woman into a mother. It is therefore essential and crucial that this journey is a smooth one, which can be done by following small steps of precaution.