ISRO Chandrayaan 2 Launch | Latest Updates
According to NASA, 40 % of Lunar Missions failed in last 60 years.
Chandrayaan-1 was a successful mission completing 95% of its objectives. But still, it lasted half the time it was supposed to last. The reason was simple to hear that all of us can see in our gadgets daily, it overheated. But saying that Chandrayaan-1 was not something special would be foolish. From the minimal cost and maximum grit, it even traced a hint of water that could be present on the moon. It was so much of a success that India reached for Mars as its next mission. The Mars mission too performed quite well and it looked like India would set for something more distant. But that’s where Chandrayaan-2 comes along.
In spite of being the successor to Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2 is a mission of its own like never before. It is not just an orbiter or a data collector. It is a three in one lunar mission with an orbiter, a lander named Vikram and a rover named Pragyaan. The orbiter will continue to orbit the moon for over a year and the lander will land on the moon at the early hours of September 7, 2019. Then the six-wheeled rover will auto navigate itself from the lander to the surface of the moon. These will be quite nervous times for ISRO and the period is named by them as “15 minutes of terror”.
A successful landing will make India just the fourth country to place a rover on the moon after Russia, USA and China. Moreover, due to the country’s emblem Ashoka Chakra and ISRO’s logo imprint on rover’s rear wheels, India’s mark will be etched on the moon. But it will be not that easy as it sounds. In spite of doing every calculation thousands of time and mock drills hundreds of times; this will be the step into the unknown. It also is a unique initiative due to the fact that the lander will land on the south pole of the moon, where no man-made instrument has reached before.
The landing itself is not the thing India has experience of. In the first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, the crash landing was equipped as India did not have the technology to soft-land it. But this time around the soft landing method is being used. Even the mission launch was postponed by a week due to some technical snag at the last minute, narrowly avoiding the failure. But the main thing is that it was avoided.
Like always ISRO has done a ridiculously good job by constructing the project in such a low budget. Keeping the facts and the numbers on one side, there is a lot at scope on this mission. Aside from exploring what dramatically is called the other side of the moon, the mission will be extreme help in making sure that humans can reach the moon again. NASA and other space agencies are looking at India with hope and curiosity as what further can be achieved by them.
One thing is for sure, as an Indian, whatever that will take place next, you have to be proud of what the country is going to achieve. ISRO is making sure that India is called the ‘space brains’ of the world and long may it continue.
Chandrayaan 2 – Not A Failed Mission
Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian lunar mission launched after Chandrayaan 1. This is the first-ever project that is spearheaded by two women- Project Director M. Vanitha and Mission Director Ritu Kharidhal. The President of India was present in Sri Harikota for Chandrayan’s scheduled launch in the early hours of July 15 at the second launch pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR) in what was the GSLV-MK III’s first operational flight. However, the launch was postponed to July 22, 2.43 p.m after ISRO discovered a technical snag just hours before the take-off.
The GSLV-Mark III vehicle has successfully injected Chandrayan-2 in the defined orbit. In fact, the orbit is 6000 km more than what was intended giving the satellite will have more life, more time to play with the maneuvers. This is just the beginning of a historical journey of India towards Moon and to land at a place near the South Pole to carry out scientific experiments to explore unexplored areas. Chandrayan-2 will attempt to soft-land the lander- Vikram and rover-Pragyan in a high plain between two craters, Manzius C and Simpelius N at a latitude of about 70 degrees north being the fourth ever country to do a soft landing on the lunar surface and the first space mission to conduct a soft landing on the Moon’s south polar region.
Here are the latest updates about the spacecraft.
Successfully, it has performed the Third Lunar bound orbit maneuver today on August 28, 2019 beginning at 0904 hrs IST, using the onboard propulsion system. The maneuver duration was 1190 seconds. The orbit achieved was recorded to be 179 x 1412 km with the spacecraft parameters being normal. The next Lunar bound orbit maneuver is scheduled for 30th August. 2019, between 1800-1900 hrs IST.
On August 26, 2019, the Terrain Mapping Camera 2 (TMC-2) imaged the lunar surface at an altitude of 4375 km showing craters such as Jackson, Mitra, Mach, Korolev.
The primary objectives of the mission apart from demonstrating the ability to operate a rover on the lunar surface include the following:
- Demonstrate ability to soft-land any aircraft or vehicle
- studies of lunar topography, mineralogy, physical conditions of the moon.
- Study of elemental abundance, the Lunar Exosphere, and signatures of hydroxyl and water ice.
- Gathering data to help prepare 3D maps of the Moon.
- Venturing into the dark side of the moon for the purpose of gathering data.
For the More updates, stay tuned with us.